Bursitis in the knee is a very painful condition in which a bursa sac becomes irritated and inflamed, affecting the bursa and the soft tissue around it. A bursa is a sac of synovial fluid, rich in protein and collagen. These fluid-filled sacs form in areas where 2 surfaces in your body, most often where a bone and tendon or a bone and muscle, rub together during movement.
When pressure or friction is too great, excess fluid can build up in the bursa sac and/or the the lining of the sac can thicken, causing inflammation. When a bursa becomes inflamed, moving your knee becomes very painful and movement can be difficult. Any actions that put pressure on the inflamed bursa can increase irritation and cause further inflammation and pain.
Prepatellar bursitis (also referred to as patellar bursitis) is a painful condition affecting the front of the kneecap (patella). The prepatellar bursa is usually very thin and serves as a cushion between the patella and your skin, protecting your kneecap and the soft tissue that holds it is place.
The prepatellar bursa is commonly affected due to repetitive pressure on the kneecap during frequent kneeling. Prepatellar bursitis is also known as Clergyman's knee, Carpet Layer's knee, or Housemaid's knee due to the nature of their work requiring kneeling for long periods of time. This prolonged pressure can begin to irritate the bursa, eventually leading to injury. Once injured, fluid and/or blood is allowed to enter into the bursa and you will begin to experience inflammation overtime. When this happens, the bursa sac walls may thicken and form scar tissue or calcium may collect in the bursa.
If you are experiencing a significant amount of swelling or pain, it is possible that you have a broken or chipped patella. In this case, your doctor may recommend an x-ray to examine this further.
Causes of Patellar Bursitis
- Repetitive pressure from frequent kneeling
- Putting excess weight on the knee joint due to obesity
- Arthritis or osteoarthritis
- Overuse injury during athletics
- A direct blow during athletics or when falling on the knee
- Aggravation during exercise requiring stair climbing, running, jumping, or hiking
Symptoms of Patellar Bursitis
Bursitis in the prepatellar bursa results in pain on the middle part of the knee and over the patella. The pain may radiate up your inner knee and thigh and/or down to your midcalf. Those who suffer from prepateller bursitis complain of increased pain when crossing their legs or when rising after sitting for several hours. Due to the location of the bursa, pain will make kneeling difficult.
Bursitis pain becomes worse during exercise or when you are climbing stairs, but can also increase by simply bending and straightening your knee. Pain usually starts gradually and develops over a few days or even months.
Tenderness, Warmth, Swelling and Redness
Swelling is usually evident with prepatellar bursitis and often appears as an abscess on the kneecap. This swelling may appear immediately following trauma, over a couple of hours, or up to 7-10 days after the event that caused the irritation.
You will experience tenderness just below and over top of the kneecap with prepatellar bursitis.
You may also notice warmth and visible redness on your skin in the area as inflammation in the bursa and along the tendons becomes more severe.
Patients suffering from knee bursitis may also have interrupted sleep patterns. Simply bending your knee or rolling over during sleep can cause pressure on the inflamed bursa, increasing your pain. The pain can range from mild to very sharp depending on the amount of inflammation in your knee. Many knee bursitis sufferers recommend placing a pillow between your knees/thighs while you sleep to reduce pain throughout the night.
Limited Range of Motion and Weakness
When you have bursitis in your knee, the pain is often limiting as you stop performing motions that make the pain worse. If bursitis is left untreated the inflammation can increase, causing more pain, limiting movement even more and eventually weakness in the leg muscles and tendons can set in. As you lose strength in your quadriceps, your legs may begin to give out during daily activities.
It is important to treat bursitis in the early stages to reduce the symptoms, minimize damage and maintain motion and strength in your knee. Eliminate any squatting, repetitive knee bending, crossing your legs, kneeling or any other activities that add pressure on your bursa. By treating your knee bursitis in the early stages with a Cold Compress or Ice Pack and a Knee T•Shellz Wrap® (once swelling has reduced), you are more likely to prevent long-term damage and chronic conditions from setting in.
Treatments for Patellar Bursitis
Relieving the symptoms of bursitis initially focuses on keeping the pressure off the bursa. If your bursitis is caused by an infection (septic bursitis), the doctor will probably drain the bursa sac with a needle and perscribe antibiotics to treat the infection. For non-infectious bursitis, the preliminary treatment starts with conservative treatments, which is what the T•Shellz Wrap® is made for..
The most important factor in healing bursitis is resting your knee. This can be difficult when you have to carry on with daily activities, but resting whenever you can is recommended. During your recovery you will probably have to modify or avoid the activities that stress your bursa until your pain and inflammation settle.
Treatments should involve decreasing swelling, relieving stress on the knee, treating scar tissue, and then restoring strength and movement in your leg and knee. Soft Tissue Repair Therapy (STR Therapy) is recommended once inflammation has been calmed to increase blood flow - resulting in accelerated healing of the bursa and surrounding soft tissue while reducing the risk of reinjury.
To decrease inflammation and relieve the pain of prepatellar bursitis doctor's recommend cold therapy.
Applying cold to your inflamed bursa will help decrease the swelling and redness around it. Cold therapy will also help to numb the pain in your knee and help to control the inflammation. Cooling your inflamed prepatellar bursa as needed throughout the day will reduce pain and tissue damage.
Applying cold to your tender bursa and knee is the first step in treating your bursitis. Once inflammation has started to subside (and some of the pain) begin use of the T•Shellz Wrap® to continue and boost the healing process.
T•Shellz Wrap® & Soft Tissue Repair Therapy
Unfortunately, when you are suffering from bursitis it can be painful to even walk or lift your leg. When you limit movement in your knee joint the blood flow is reduced, starving your tissue of the necessary oxygen and nutrients.
The trick is to find a way to increase blood flow without causing pain and/or further inflaming the bursae. This is where the T•Shellz Wrap® becomes a powerful tool.
STR Therapy compliments your body's natural healing process by promoting blood flow while you give your knee the rest it needs.
Energy emitted from the Energy Pad stimulates blood circulation in your knee, more than your body would ever be able to generate on it's own, giving your body the boost in blood flow it needs to continue the reconditioning process. This enhanced blood flow helps speed tissue repair, whisk away toxins and dead cells, and rejuvenates soft tissue for improved elasticity.
With these easy therapies- cold compression and T•Shellz Wrap® treatments, you will notice significantly reduced pain and an incredible improvement in your knee pain and range of motion. We recommend that you consult your doctor and/or physiotherapist before using any of our outstanding products, to make sure they're right for you and your condition.
NSAIDs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, can be used if required to help manage your pain and reduce inflammation. However, they aren't recommended for long term use, as they can cause gastrointestinal difficulties and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. The use of cold therapy and STR Therapy in conjunction with NSAIDs can greatly reduce healing time and reduce the amount of medication you take.
Your doctor may aspirate your inflamed bursa. This involves removing the extra fluid that has built up with a needle. Sometimes, the fluid will be tested at a laboratory to rule out infection.
If your bursitis does not get better with conservative treatments, the bursa may be surgically removed. Usually this is done by arthroscopic surgery, which is a surgical procedure where tiny incisions are made and a pencil-sized camera is inserted into the knee. A small shaver is inserted into another incision, and is used to remove the swollen bursa all together. The surgeon will then look for any damage to the knee and make repairs if necessary. Although this does eliminate the pain of bursitis, it greatly increases the risk of osteoarthritis in the knee.
Recovery time for the surgery will depend on a number of different factors including your healing ability, diet, rest and how many procedures were done in your surgery.
Post-op recovery time can be reduced with the use of cold compression Soft Tissue Repair Therapy following surgery. Cold compression is recommend by doctors following surgery to treat your pain in a natural, non-addictive way and to reduce swelling. Once the incision has healed, speak with your doctor about the use of T_BL00D. STR Therapy encourages more oxygen and nutrients to flow to the area to speed healing and improve the strength of the soft tissue in your knee. Using STR Therapy as soon as your incisions have healed will work on reducing the growth of scar tissue that forms from your surgery and help the elasticity of the soft tissue around the surgery site. Treating scar tissue is the most important step following surgery, especially in a joint, to improve the range of motion in your knee. Leaving the scar tissue untreated can lead to stiffness, chronic knee pain, osteoarthritis or other knee conditions.
Physical therapy is a beneficial way to restore atrophied muscles and improve strength and mobility after treating bursitis. The type of physical therapy and the duration will be dependent on the tissue damage and your symptoms. When you are treating or recovering from bursitis, it is important to ensure you do not perform any exercises that will further irritate the bursa.
Once your pain starts to diminish, a physiotherapist will set up an individualized strengthening and stretching exercise program for you to perform at home or in the gym. This will be based on your needs and abilities, and will help you return to performing your normal routines.
Individuals will often lift weights on their own, to try and build up their strength. However, in doing so, they can do more damage to the weak knee. It is extremely important to strengthen your muscles properly. A trained therapist will help to ensure your rehabilitation process is appropriate and effective. For best, long term results use STR Therapy in conjunction with physical therapy and an exercise program.
During your recovery, you may have to modify and/or eliminate any activities that cause pain or discomfort in your knee joint until your pain and inflammation settle, and you gain more mobility and strength. The more diligent you are with your rehabilitation, the faster you will see successful results.
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During your recovery, you will probably have to modify and/or eliminate any activities that cause pain or discomfort at the location of your soft tissue injury until the pain and inflammation settle. Always consult your doctor and/or Physical Therapist before using any of our outstanding products, to make sure they are right for you and your condition. The more diligent you are with your treatment and rehabilitation, the faster you will see successful results!